The VTI National Transport Library Catalogue

Effects of horizontal curvature on driver visual demand Wooldridge, Mark D et al

By: Wooldridge, Mark DPublication details: Transportation Research Record, 2000Description: nr 1737, s. 71-7Subject(s): USA | Vision | | Layout | Consistency | Driver | | Degree of curvature | Radius | Deflection | Angle | Measurement | Method | 31Bibl.nr: VTI P8167:1737Location: Abstract: A consistent design allows drivers to perform safely the task of driving, allowing attention or capacity to be dedicated to obstacle avoidance and navigation. A measure of the consistency of a design is the amount of visual information needed by a driver to maintain an acceptable path on the roadway. Vision occlusion is a technique that measures driver visual demand on a roadway. It allows a more direct evaluation of the effects of various geometric elements on the driver. Studies of the effects of variations of curve radius, deflection angle, spacing, and sequences revealed several relationships between roadway geometry and visual demand. Curve radius and its reciprocal were found to be significantly related to visual demand in both on-road and test track studies. Small changes in visual demand were also found between types of curve pairs (S and broken back) with differing spacing between the curves. Visual demand was found to be a promising measure of effectiveness for use in studies of design consistency.
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A consistent design allows drivers to perform safely the task of driving, allowing attention or capacity to be dedicated to obstacle avoidance and navigation. A measure of the consistency of a design is the amount of visual information needed by a driver to maintain an acceptable path on the roadway. Vision occlusion is a technique that measures driver visual demand on a roadway. It allows a more direct evaluation of the effects of various geometric elements on the driver. Studies of the effects of variations of curve radius, deflection angle, spacing, and sequences revealed several relationships between roadway geometry and visual demand. Curve radius and its reciprocal were found to be significantly related to visual demand in both on-road and test track studies. Small changes in visual demand were also found between types of curve pairs (S and broken back) with differing spacing between the curves. Visual demand was found to be a promising measure of effectiveness for use in studies of design consistency.

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