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Findings on the approach process between vehicles : Implications for collision warning Brackstone, Mark A ; Sultan, Beshr ; McDonald, Michael

By: Brackstone, Mark AContributor(s): Sultan, Beshr | McDonald, MichaelPublication details: Transportation Research Record, 2000Description: nr 1724, s. 21-8Subject(s): USA | Driver | Deceleration | Vehicle spacing | Driver information | Warning | Collision | Measurement | Test | In situ | 841Bibl.nr: VTI P8167:1724Location: Abstract: Over the past 10 years there has been a growing body of research into modeling and describing driving behavior, particularly for situations that occur on motorways. This interest has arisen from the need to assess safety and capacity benefits that could be produced by changes to road design, operation, signage, and in-vehicle advanced transport telematics, such as collision warning (CW) or autonomous cruise control. For the most part these investigations have focused on "close" or "car" following, which describes the maintenance of a time- or distance-based following headway. However, often overlooked, and of equal importance, is the "approach" process, describing how a driver decelerates when approaching a slower vehicle. There are several competing theories of the behavioral basis underlying this process, including, for example, those based on time-to-collision or optic flow. There are, however, very few data against which such models can be assessed and systems designed. Presented are the results from an exploratory, instrumented vehicle study designed to assess approach mechanisms. The two key features of the process are explored: the circumstances under which driver deceleration is instigated, and the process governing the control of the deceleration itself. Finally, there is a brief assessment of the implications of these findings for the design of CW systems, in which realistic warnings may prove vital to their acceptance by the driving public.
Item type: Reports, conferences, monographs
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Over the past 10 years there has been a growing body of research into modeling and describing driving behavior, particularly for situations that occur on motorways. This interest has arisen from the need to assess safety and capacity benefits that could be produced by changes to road design, operation, signage, and in-vehicle advanced transport telematics, such as collision warning (CW) or autonomous cruise control. For the most part these investigations have focused on "close" or "car" following, which describes the maintenance of a time- or distance-based following headway. However, often overlooked, and of equal importance, is the "approach" process, describing how a driver decelerates when approaching a slower vehicle. There are several competing theories of the behavioral basis underlying this process, including, for example, those based on time-to-collision or optic flow. There are, however, very few data against which such models can be assessed and systems designed. Presented are the results from an exploratory, instrumented vehicle study designed to assess approach mechanisms. The two key features of the process are explored: the circumstances under which driver deceleration is instigated, and the process governing the control of the deceleration itself. Finally, there is a brief assessment of the implications of these findings for the design of CW systems, in which realistic warnings may prove vital to their acceptance by the driving public.

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