The VTI National Transport Library Catalogue

Shoulder rumble strip effectiveness : Drift-off-road accident reductions on the Pennsylvania Turnpike Hickey, John J Jr

By: Hickey, John J JrPublication details: Transportation Research Record, 1997Description: nr 1573, s. 105-9Subject(s): USA | Rumble strip | Hard shoulder | Accident prevention | Attention | Warning | Statistical analysis | Efficiency | 34 | 22Bibl.nr: VTI P8167:1573Location: Abstract: To help decrease the number of accidents caused by drowsy drivers, engineers for the Pennsylvania Turnpike developed, and installed on the highway shoulder, an innovative rumble strip called the Sonic Nap Alert Pattern (SNAP). A distinct warning sound and vibration are produced when tires roll on the strips. When drowsy or inattentive drivers' vehicles drift to the right, the tires cross this pattern of recessed grooves along the shoulder of the roadway. Various lengths and depths of grooves were tested to select a design with enough sound and vibration to be perceptible in a truck cab and yet not too severe for cars or motorcycles. Design features, testing, and initial results were presented at the TRB Annual Meeting in January 1994. After installation of SNAP, drift-off-road accidents per month decreased by 70%. This study reviews those initial results, adds traffic exposure to compare accident rates per vehicle-distance-traveled, adjusts for a decline in all accidents during the years considered, and revises the initially reported accident reduction to 65%. Follow-on results are developed for all reportable accidents from 1990 to 1995, singling out those that could be directly affected by SNAP. About 12% of all accidents were considered fully susceptible to SNAP treatment. A reduction of 60% in treatable accidents, or a decline in rate by 1.43 per 100 million vehicle kilometers (2.3 accidents per 100 million vehicle miles), was documented for 53 segments totaling 560 km (348 mi) of roadway.
Item type: Reports, conferences, monographs
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To help decrease the number of accidents caused by drowsy drivers, engineers for the Pennsylvania Turnpike developed, and installed on the highway shoulder, an innovative rumble strip called the Sonic Nap Alert Pattern (SNAP). A distinct warning sound and vibration are produced when tires roll on the strips. When drowsy or inattentive drivers' vehicles drift to the right, the tires cross this pattern of recessed grooves along the shoulder of the roadway. Various lengths and depths of grooves were tested to select a design with enough sound and vibration to be perceptible in a truck cab and yet not too severe for cars or motorcycles. Design features, testing, and initial results were presented at the TRB Annual Meeting in January 1994. After installation of SNAP, drift-off-road accidents per month decreased by 70%. This study reviews those initial results, adds traffic exposure to compare accident rates per vehicle-distance-traveled, adjusts for a decline in all accidents during the years considered, and revises the initially reported accident reduction to 65%. Follow-on results are developed for all reportable accidents from 1990 to 1995, singling out those that could be directly affected by SNAP. About 12% of all accidents were considered fully susceptible to SNAP treatment. A reduction of 60% in treatable accidents, or a decline in rate by 1.43 per 100 million vehicle kilometers (2.3 accidents per 100 million vehicle miles), was documented for 53 segments totaling 560 km (348 mi) of roadway.

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