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Intersection design and decision-reaction time for older drivers Naylor, David W ; Graham, Johnny R

By: Naylor, David WContributor(s): Graham, Johnny RPublication details: Transportation Research Record, 1997Description: nr 1573, s. 68-71Subject(s): USA | Old people | Junction | Layout | Decision process | Reaction time | Visibility distance | Uncontrolled junction | In situ | Measurement | 841Bibl.nr: VTI P8167:1573Location: Abstract: Trends in automobile and roadway use have changed drastically over the past several years. Changes in the trends include increases in the percentage of licensed drivers, annual miles driven, and number of older drivers. Of particular concern is the increase in the number of older drivers and the question of whether the current design standards adequately meet the needs of the older driver. In this study, the perception-reaction time variable used in calculating intersection sight distance at stop sign-controlled intersections was evaluated. The current design value for the perception-reaction time is 2.0 sec, which has been used since the 1940s when the driving population was much younger. A field experiment was performed to determine an appropriate value for today's driving population. Subjects were covertly videotaped as they entered two rural and two urban stop sign-controlled intersections. Mean decision-reaction times were determined for an older and a younger group of subjects. The older group, consisting of 104 subjects, averaged 69.3 years of age and had a mean decision-reaction time of 1.32 sec. A group of 104 younger subjects, less than 30 years of age, had a mean decision-reaction time of 1.24 sec. The 85th percentile decision-reaction time for the older group was 1.86 sec and for the younger group, 1.66 sec. Both times were less than the current AASHTO design value of 2.0 sec.
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Trends in automobile and roadway use have changed drastically over the past several years. Changes in the trends include increases in the percentage of licensed drivers, annual miles driven, and number of older drivers. Of particular concern is the increase in the number of older drivers and the question of whether the current design standards adequately meet the needs of the older driver. In this study, the perception-reaction time variable used in calculating intersection sight distance at stop sign-controlled intersections was evaluated. The current design value for the perception-reaction time is 2.0 sec, which has been used since the 1940s when the driving population was much younger. A field experiment was performed to determine an appropriate value for today's driving population. Subjects were covertly videotaped as they entered two rural and two urban stop sign-controlled intersections. Mean decision-reaction times were determined for an older and a younger group of subjects. The older group, consisting of 104 subjects, averaged 69.3 years of age and had a mean decision-reaction time of 1.32 sec. A group of 104 younger subjects, less than 30 years of age, had a mean decision-reaction time of 1.24 sec. The 85th percentile decision-reaction time for the older group was 1.86 sec and for the younger group, 1.66 sec. Both times were less than the current AASHTO design value of 2.0 sec.

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