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Cellular automata microsimulation of bidirectional pedestrian flows Blue, Victor J ; Adler, Jeffrey L

By: Blue, Victor JContributor(s): Adler, Jeffrey LPublication details: Transportation Research Record, 1999Description: nr 1678, s. 135-41Subject(s): USA | Pedestrian | Micro | Simulation | Mathematical model | | Footway | Length | Width | Variability | 25Bibl.nr: VTI P8167:1678Location: Abstract: The cellular automata (CA) microsimulation of pedestrians is a particle-hopping model in which a set of local rules prescribe the behavior of entities within local neighborhoods of cells. CA microsimulation has emerged as a tool for simulating traffic flow and modeling transportation networks. Pedestrian flow is inherently more complex than vehicular flow, and simulation models that are used for emulating vehicular traffic are not directly applicable to modeling pedestrian movements. In previous work the authors demonstrated that unidirectional pedestrian flow patterns consistent with well-established fundamental properties could be generated with CA microsimulation. This paper expands upon the previous effort and presents a CA microsimulation model and emergent fundamental flows for a bidirectional pedestrian walkway. Simulation experiments indicate that the basic model is applicable to walkways of various lengths and widths and across different directional shares of pedestrian movements.
Item type: Reports, conferences, monographs
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The cellular automata (CA) microsimulation of pedestrians is a particle-hopping model in which a set of local rules prescribe the behavior of entities within local neighborhoods of cells. CA microsimulation has emerged as a tool for simulating traffic flow and modeling transportation networks. Pedestrian flow is inherently more complex than vehicular flow, and simulation models that are used for emulating vehicular traffic are not directly applicable to modeling pedestrian movements. In previous work the authors demonstrated that unidirectional pedestrian flow patterns consistent with well-established fundamental properties could be generated with CA microsimulation. This paper expands upon the previous effort and presents a CA microsimulation model and emergent fundamental flows for a bidirectional pedestrian walkway. Simulation experiments indicate that the basic model is applicable to walkways of various lengths and widths and across different directional shares of pedestrian movements.

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