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Decision support system for advanced traffic management through data fusion Klein, Lawrence A ; Yi, Ping ; Teng, Hualiang

By: Klein, Lawrence AContributor(s): Yi, Ping | Teng, HualiangPublication details: Transportation Research Record, 2002Description: nr 1804, s. 173-8Subject(s): USA | Statistics | Classification | Method | Traffic control | Data processing | Decision process | Detection | Probability | 22 | 23Bibl.nr: VTI P8169:2002 RefLocation: Abstract: The Dempster-Shafer theory for data fusion and mining in support of advanced traffic management is introduced and tested. Dempster-Shafer inference is a statistically based classification technique that can be applied to detect traffic events that affect normal traffic operations. It is useful when data or information sources contribute partial information about a scenario, and no single source provides a high probability of identifying the event responsible for the received information. The technique captures and combines whatever information is available from the data sources. Dempster's rule is applied to determine the most probable event--as that with the largest probability based on the information obtained from all contributing sources. The Dempster-Shafer theory is explained and its implementation described through numerical examples. Field testing of the data fusion technique demonstrated its effectiveness when the probability masses, which quantify the likelihood of the postulated events for the scenario, reflect current traffic and weather conditions.
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The Dempster-Shafer theory for data fusion and mining in support of advanced traffic management is introduced and tested. Dempster-Shafer inference is a statistically based classification technique that can be applied to detect traffic events that affect normal traffic operations. It is useful when data or information sources contribute partial information about a scenario, and no single source provides a high probability of identifying the event responsible for the received information. The technique captures and combines whatever information is available from the data sources. Dempster's rule is applied to determine the most probable event--as that with the largest probability based on the information obtained from all contributing sources. The Dempster-Shafer theory is explained and its implementation described through numerical examples. Field testing of the data fusion technique demonstrated its effectiveness when the probability masses, which quantify the likelihood of the postulated events for the scenario, reflect current traffic and weather conditions.

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