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Field performance of integral abutment bridge Lawver, Andrew ; French, Catherine ; Shield, Carol K

By: Contributor(s): Publication details: Transportation Research Record, 2000Description: nr 1740, s. 108-17Subject(s): Bibl.nr: VTI P8167:1740Location: Abstract: The behavior of an integral abutment bridge near Rochester, Minnesota, was investigated from the beginning of construction through several years of service by monitoring more than 180 instruments that were installed in the bridge during construction. The instrumentation was used to measure abutment horizontal movement, abutment rotation, abutment pile strains, earth pressure behind abutments, pier pile strains, prestressed girder strains, concrete deck strains, thermal gradients, steel reinforcement strains, girder displacements, approach panel settlement, frost depth, and weather. In addition to determining the seasonal and daily trends of bridge behavior, live-load tests were conducted. All of the bridge components performed within the design parameters. The effects from the environmental loading of solar radiation and changing ambient temperature were found to be as large as or larger than live-load effects. The abutment was found to accommodate superstructure expansion and contraction through horizontal translation instead of rotation. The abutment piles appeared to be deforming in double curvature, with measured pile strains on the approach panel side of the piles indicating the onset of yielding.
Item type: Reports, conferences, monographs
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The behavior of an integral abutment bridge near Rochester, Minnesota, was investigated from the beginning of construction through several years of service by monitoring more than 180 instruments that were installed in the bridge during construction. The instrumentation was used to measure abutment horizontal movement, abutment rotation, abutment pile strains, earth pressure behind abutments, pier pile strains, prestressed girder strains, concrete deck strains, thermal gradients, steel reinforcement strains, girder displacements, approach panel settlement, frost depth, and weather. In addition to determining the seasonal and daily trends of bridge behavior, live-load tests were conducted. All of the bridge components performed within the design parameters. The effects from the environmental loading of solar radiation and changing ambient temperature were found to be as large as or larger than live-load effects. The abutment was found to accommodate superstructure expansion and contraction through horizontal translation instead of rotation. The abutment piles appeared to be deforming in double curvature, with measured pile strains on the approach panel side of the piles indicating the onset of yielding.

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