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Performance of flexible pavement rehabilitation treatments in the Long-term pavement performance SPS-5 experience Hall, Kathleen T ; Correa, Carlos E ; Simpson, Amy L

By: Hall, Kathleen TContributor(s): Correa, Carlos E | Simpson, Amy LPublication details: Transportation Research Record, 2003Description: nr 1823, s. 93-101Subject(s): USA | Flexible pavement | Maintenance | Variability | | Bituminous mixture | Crushing | Thickness | Evenness | Performance | | | Cracking | 70Bibl.nr: VTI P8169:2003 Ref ; VTI P8167Location: Abstract: The results of a study conducted to assess the relative performance of different flexible pavement rehabilitation treatments, including the influence of pretreatment condition and other factors, are presented. The data used in the study were drawn from the Long-Term Pavement Performance Studies' Specific Pavement Study (SPS) SPS-5 and General Pavement Study (GPS) GPS-6B experiments. The rehabilitation treatments used in the SPS-5 experiment are 2- and 5-in. overlays with virgin or recycled asphalt concrete mixes with or without preoverlay milling. Overlay thickness and preoverlay roughness levels were the two factors that most influenced the performance of the asphalt overlays of asphalt pavements in the SPS-5 experiment with respect to roughness, rutting, and fatigue cracking. Over the long term, the 5-in. overlays outperformed the 2-in. overlays with respect to roughness, rutting, and fatigue cracking. Overlay mix type (virgin versus recycled) and preoverlay preparation (with or without milling) had slight and inconsistent effects. The average initial postoverlay international roughness index of an asphalt overlay of an asphalt pavement was found to be 0.98 m/km. The data show a slight but statistically significant tendency for asphalt pavements overlaid when they were rougher to have more initial roughness after overlay than asphalt pavements overlaid when they were smoother. The data show that, on average, about 6 mm of rutting develops in the first year or so after placement of an asphalt overlay of an asphalt pavement. This is presumably due to compaction of the mix by traffic and appears to be independent of the overlay thickness, mix type, preoverlay preparation, and preoverlay rutting level.
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The results of a study conducted to assess the relative performance of different flexible pavement rehabilitation treatments, including the influence of pretreatment condition and other factors, are presented. The data used in the study were drawn from the Long-Term Pavement Performance Studies' Specific Pavement Study (SPS) SPS-5 and General Pavement Study (GPS) GPS-6B experiments. The rehabilitation treatments used in the SPS-5 experiment are 2- and 5-in. overlays with virgin or recycled asphalt concrete mixes with or without preoverlay milling. Overlay thickness and preoverlay roughness levels were the two factors that most influenced the performance of the asphalt overlays of asphalt pavements in the SPS-5 experiment with respect to roughness, rutting, and fatigue cracking. Over the long term, the 5-in. overlays outperformed the 2-in. overlays with respect to roughness, rutting, and fatigue cracking. Overlay mix type (virgin versus recycled) and preoverlay preparation (with or without milling) had slight and inconsistent effects. The average initial postoverlay international roughness index of an asphalt overlay of an asphalt pavement was found to be 0.98 m/km. The data show a slight but statistically significant tendency for asphalt pavements overlaid when they were rougher to have more initial roughness after overlay than asphalt pavements overlaid when they were smoother. The data show that, on average, about 6 mm of rutting develops in the first year or so after placement of an asphalt overlay of an asphalt pavement. This is presumably due to compaction of the mix by traffic and appears to be independent of the overlay thickness, mix type, preoverlay preparation, and preoverlay rutting level.

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