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Measuring bulk-specific gravity of fine aggregates : Development of new test method Kandhal, Prithvi S ; Mallick, Rajib B ; Huner, Mike

By: Kandhal, Prithvi SContributor(s): Mallick, Rajib B | Huner, MikePublication details: Transportation Research Record, 2000Description: nr 1721, s. 81-90Subject(s): USA | Aggregate | | Bituminous mixture | Voids | Binder | Absorption | Test method | Angularity | | Apparatus | Prototype | 56Bibl.nr: VTI P8167:1721Location: Abstract: Bulk specific gravity of the fine aggregate is used in hot-mix asphalt volumetric-mix design (including Superpave) to determine the amount of asphalt binder absorbed by the aggregate and the percentage of voids in the mineral aggregate. The current test method (AASHTO T84) uses a cone method to establish the saturated surface dry (SSD) condition of the sample, which is necessary to conduct the test. This method does not work satisfactorily for fine aggregates that are very angular and have rough surface texture and, therefore, do not slump readily when in SSD condition. A research project was undertaken to develop automated equipment and a method of establishing the SSD condition of the fine aggregate. The wet sample of the fine aggregate is placed in a rotating drum and subjected to a steady flow of warm air. The temperature gradient of the incoming and outgoing air and the relative humidity of the outgoing air are monitored to establish the SSD condition. Two prototype devices were constructed. The test results obtained with the second prototype device are encouraging and are reported. Further improvements to be made to the second prototype device to improve the repeatability and reproducibility of the test have been identified.
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Bulk specific gravity of the fine aggregate is used in hot-mix asphalt volumetric-mix design (including Superpave) to determine the amount of asphalt binder absorbed by the aggregate and the percentage of voids in the mineral aggregate. The current test method (AASHTO T84) uses a cone method to establish the saturated surface dry (SSD) condition of the sample, which is necessary to conduct the test. This method does not work satisfactorily for fine aggregates that are very angular and have rough surface texture and, therefore, do not slump readily when in SSD condition. A research project was undertaken to develop automated equipment and a method of establishing the SSD condition of the fine aggregate. The wet sample of the fine aggregate is placed in a rotating drum and subjected to a steady flow of warm air. The temperature gradient of the incoming and outgoing air and the relative humidity of the outgoing air are monitored to establish the SSD condition. Two prototype devices were constructed. The test results obtained with the second prototype device are encouraging and are reported. Further improvements to be made to the second prototype device to improve the repeatability and reproducibility of the test have been identified.

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