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Use of local linear regression model for short-term traffic forecasting Sun, Hongyu et al

By: Sun, HongyuPublication details: Transportation Research Record, 2003Description: nr 1836, s. 143-50Subject(s): USA | Traffic | Forecast | Linear | Regression analysis | Mathematical model | Real time | Performance | 25Bibl.nr: VTI P8169:2003 Ref ; VTI P8167Location: Abstract: The traffic-forecasting model, when considered as a system with inputs of historical and current data and outputs of future data, behaves in a nonlinear fashion and varies with time of day. Traffic data are found to change abruptly during the transition times of entering and leaving peak periods. Accurate and real-time models are needed to approximate the nonlinear time-variant functions between system inputs and outputs from a continuous stream of training data. A proposed local linear regression model was applied to short-term traffic prediction. The performance of the model was compared with previous results of nonparametric approaches that are based on local constant regression, such as the k-nearest neighbor and kernel methods, by using 32-day traffic-speed data collected on US-290, in Houston, Texas, at 5-min intervals. It was found that the local linear methods consistently showed better performance than the k-nearest neighbor and kernel smoothing methods.
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The traffic-forecasting model, when considered as a system with inputs of historical and current data and outputs of future data, behaves in a nonlinear fashion and varies with time of day. Traffic data are found to change abruptly during the transition times of entering and leaving peak periods. Accurate and real-time models are needed to approximate the nonlinear time-variant functions between system inputs and outputs from a continuous stream of training data. A proposed local linear regression model was applied to short-term traffic prediction. The performance of the model was compared with previous results of nonparametric approaches that are based on local constant regression, such as the k-nearest neighbor and kernel methods, by using 32-day traffic-speed data collected on US-290, in Houston, Texas, at 5-min intervals. It was found that the local linear methods consistently showed better performance than the k-nearest neighbor and kernel smoothing methods.

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