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Comparison of as-constructed and as-designed flexible pavement layer thicknesses Mladenovic, Goran et al

By: Publication details: Transportation Research Record, 2003Description: nr 1853, s. 165-76Subject(s): Bibl.nr: VTI P8169:2003 Ref ; VTI P8167Location: Abstract: Sound pavement design is important for improving pavement performance, but construction is equally critical. Because of variations in pavement construction, the as-constructed pavement layer thickness varies spatially within a pavement section, and the mean constructed pavement layer thickness often deviates from the designed values. The as-constructed pavement layer thicknesses are compared to their design values by using data from the newly constructed flexible pavement sections in the Long-Term Pavement Performance program. First, the distribution type of the mean layer thickness deviation was investigated, and a combined statistical test for skewness and kurtosis showed that the mean thickness deviations may be assumed to be normally distributed for a given layer type and target thickness. Typical thickness deviation summary statistics values were derived to estimate the extent of deviations from the design thicknesses. Second, the analysis showed that elevation thickness data differ from the core examination data. Furthermore, as-constructed layer thickness values were compared to their design values by looking into the percentage of the individual measurements falling into specified ranges from the design values and by using two-sided and one-sided t-tests to compare the mean constructed thicknesses and the design values. The analyses showed that the mean constructed layer thicknesses tend to be above the design value for the thinner layers and below the design value for the thicker layers for the same layer and material type. Results from the study will be useful as inputs for reliability-based design procedures.
Item type: Reports, conferences, monographs
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Sound pavement design is important for improving pavement performance, but construction is equally critical. Because of variations in pavement construction, the as-constructed pavement layer thickness varies spatially within a pavement section, and the mean constructed pavement layer thickness often deviates from the designed values. The as-constructed pavement layer thicknesses are compared to their design values by using data from the newly constructed flexible pavement sections in the Long-Term Pavement Performance program. First, the distribution type of the mean layer thickness deviation was investigated, and a combined statistical test for skewness and kurtosis showed that the mean thickness deviations may be assumed to be normally distributed for a given layer type and target thickness. Typical thickness deviation summary statistics values were derived to estimate the extent of deviations from the design thicknesses. Second, the analysis showed that elevation thickness data differ from the core examination data. Furthermore, as-constructed layer thickness values were compared to their design values by looking into the percentage of the individual measurements falling into specified ranges from the design values and by using two-sided and one-sided t-tests to compare the mean constructed thicknesses and the design values. The analyses showed that the mean constructed layer thicknesses tend to be above the design value for the thinner layers and below the design value for the thicker layers for the same layer and material type. Results from the study will be useful as inputs for reliability-based design procedures.

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